You can use a weapon that has the ammunition property to make a ranged attack only if you have ammunition to fire from the weapon. Each time you attack with the weapon, you expend one piece of ammunition. Drawing the ammunition from a quiver, case, or other container is part of the attack. At the end of the battle, you can recover half your expended ammunition by taking a minute to search the battlefield. If you use a weapon that has the ammunition property to make a melee attack, you treat the weapon as an improvised weapon (see “Improvised Weapons” later in the section). A sling must be loaded to deal any damage when used in this way.

When making an attack with a finesse weapon, you use your choice of your Strength or Dexterity modifier for the attack and damage rolls. You must use the same modifier for both rolls.

Small creatures have disadvantage on attack rolls with heavy weapons. A heavy weapon’s size and bulk make it too large for a Small creature to use effectively.

A light weapon is small and easy to handle, making it ideal for use when fighting with two weapons. See the rules for two-weapon fighting in chapter 9.

Because of the time required to load this weapon, you can fire only one piece of ammunition from it when you use an action, bonus action, or reaction to fire it, regardless of the number of attacks you can normally make.

A weapon that can be used to make a ranged attack has a range shown in parentheses after the ammunition or thrown property. The range lists two numbers. The first is the weapon’s normal range in feet, and the second indicates the weapon’s maximum range. When attacking a target beyond normal range, you have disadvantage on the attack roll. You can’t attack a target beyond the weapon’s long range.

This weapon adds 5 feet to your reach when you attack with it.

A weapon with the special property has unusual rules governing its use, explained in the weapon’s description (see “Special Weapons” later in this section).

If a weapon has the thrown property, you can throw the weapon to make a ranged attack. If the weapon is a melee weapon, you use the same ability modifier for that attack roll and damage roll that you would use for a melee attack with the weapon. For example, if you throw a handaxe, you use your Strength, but if you throw a dagger, you can use either your Strength or your Dexterity, since the dagger has the finesse property.

This weapon requires two hands to use.

This weapon can be used with one or two hands. A damage value in parentheses appears with the property-the damage when the weapon is used with two hands to make a melee attack. " .

Sometimes characters don’t have their weapons and have to attack with whatever is dose at hand. An improvised weapon includes any object you can wield in one or two hands, such as broken glass, a table leg, a frying pan, a wagon wheel, or a dead goblin. In many cases, an improvised weapon is similar to an actual weapon and can be treated as such. For example, a table leg is akin to a dub. At the DM’s option. a character proficient with a weapon can use a similar object as if it were that weapon and use his or her proficiency bonus An object that bears no resemblance to a weapon deals ld4 damage (the DM assigns a damage type appropriate to the object). Ir a character uses a ranged weapon lo make a melee attack, or throws a melee weapon that does not have the thrown property, it also deals ld4 damage. An improvised thrown weapon has a normal range of 20 feet and a long range of 60 feet.

Some monsters that have immunity or resistance to nonmagical weapons are susceptible to silver weapons, so cautious adventurers invest extra coin to plate their weapons with silver. You can silver a single weapon or ten pieces of ammunition for 100 gp. This cost represents not only the price of the silver, but the time and expertise needed to add silver to the weapon without making it less effective.

Weapon Cost Damage Weight Properties
Simple Melee Weapons
Club 0 cp 1d4 bludgeoning 2 lb. Light
Dagger 2 sp 1d4 piercing 1 lb. Finesse, light, thrown (range 20/60)
Greatclub 2 cp 1d8 bludgeoning 10 lb. Two-handed
Handaxe 5 sp 1d6 slashing 2 lb. Light, thrown (range 20/60)
Javelin 5 cp 1d6 piercing 2 lb. Thrown (range 30/120)
Light Hammer 2 sp 1d4 bludgeoning 2 lb. Light, thrown (range 20/60), Special
Mace 5 sp 1d6 bludgeoning 4 lb.
Quarterstaff 2 cp 1d6 bludgeoning 4 lb. Versatile (1d8)
Sickle 1 sp 1d4 slashing 2 lb. Light
Spear 1 sp 1d6 piercing 3 lb. Thrown (range 20/60), versatile (1d8)
Simple Ranged Weapons
Crossbow, light 25 sp 1d8 piercing 5 lb. Ammunition (range 80/320), loading, two-handed
Dart 5 tp 1d4 piercing 1/4 lb. Finesse, thrown (range 20/60)
Shortbow 25 sp 1d6 piercing 2 lb. Ammunition (range 80/320), two-handed
Sling 1 cp 1d4 bludgeoning Ammunition (range 30/120)
Martial Melee Weapons
Battleaxe 10 sp 1d8 slashing 4 lb. Versatile (1d10)
Flail 10 sp 1d8 bludgeoning 2 lb.
Greataxe 30 sp 1d12 slashing 7 lb. Heavy, two-handed
Greatsword 50 sp 2d6 slashing 6 lb. Heavy, two-handed
Polearm 20 sp 1d10 slashing 6 lb. Heavy, reach, two-handed, Special
Lance Reach, Special 1d12 piercing 6 lb. Reach, special
Longsword 15 sp 1d8 slashing 3 lb. Versatile (1d10)
Maul 10 sp 2d6 bludgeoning 10 lb. Heavy, two-handed
Morningstar 15 sp 1d8 piercing 4 lb.
Pike 5 sp 1d10 piercing 18 lb. Heavy, reach, two-handed
Pugio Acinaces 25 sp 1d8 piercing 2 lb. Finesse, Special
Scimitar 25 sp 1d6 slashing 3 lb. Finesse, light
Shortsword 10 sp 1d6 piercing 2 lb. Finesse, light
Trident 5 sp 1d6 piercing 4 lb. Thrown (range 20/60), versatile (1d8)
War Pick 5 sp 1d8 piercing 2 lb.
Warhammer 15 sp 1d8 bludgeoning 2 lb. Versatile (1d10)
Whip 2 sp 1d4 slashing 3 lb. Finesse, reach
Martial Ranged Weapons
Blowgun 10 sp 1 piercing 1 lb. Ammunition (range 25/100), loading, Special
Crossbow, hand 75 sp 1d6 piercing 3 lb. Ammunition (range 30/120), light, loading
Crossbow, heavy 50 sp 1d10 piercing 18 lb. Ammunition (range 100/400), heavy, loading, two-handed
Longbow 50 sp 1d8 piercing 2 lb. Ammunition (range 150/600), heavy, two-handed
Net 1 sp 3 lb. Special, thrown (range 10/20)

Special Weapons

Weapons with special rules are described here.

Blowgun: The blowgun is primarily used for the purpose of poisoning someone at range.

Lance: You have disadvantage when you use a lance to Attack a target within 5 feet of you. Also, a lance requires two hands to wield when you aren’t mounted. While not taking the overly conical shape of the stereotypical “knightly jousting lance” a lance is different from a spear due to reinforcement with leather & metal as well as a longer head with a deeper tang.

Net: A Large or smaller creature hit by a net is Restrained until it is freed. A net has no effect on creatures that are formless, or creatures that are Huge or larger. A creature can use its action to make a DC 10 Strength check, freeing itself or another creature within its reach on a success. Dealing 5 slashing damage to the net (AC 10) also frees the creature without harming it, ending the effect and destroying the net. When you use an action, Bonus Action, or Reaction to Attack with a net, you can make only one Attack with the Net regardless of the number of attacks you can normally make.

Polearm: The polearm category includes a wide variety of weapons such as what we would call the glaive, ranseur, & halberd. Any weapon that is primarily a spear but with added accouterments for slashing or bashing is a polearm.

Pugio Acinaces: Or “Court Sword” is a longer, thinner blade used in one hand to slip between the chinks in weak points of armor. However, unlike the rapier, it is usually not worn openly but instead is hidden in walking sticks for the offense of assassins or the defense of nobles.


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